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The Battle of the Solstice2019-07-16T17:01:59+02:00

The Battle of the Solstice

The 4th Italian Army, After a winter spent regroup and to build defenses and shelters needed to protect themselves from the rigid climate, the expected impact of the eleventh ^ Austro-Hungarian Army, which by then had replaced the fourteenth ^ also formed by the Germans, the latter returned to fight on the Western Front.
Towards the end of April, also the commander, generale di Robilant, after magnificently he led the troops in battle before, He left the field and was replaced by General Garden. But the real news was the construction of an underground work of amazing size, the so-called "Hazel del Grappa" or the "Galleria Vittorio Emanuele III".

Completed in May, in six months of intense work, He was intended to allow the infantry to reach the battle lines of the Perch and the Cross of Lebi, without exposing the bare ridges summit, constantly beaten by enemy fire.
Thanks to it, Italians, could create an awesome artillery barrage of placing inside cannons and howitzers that, protected by armored shields and the overlying layer of rock, They would mowed of the Austrian attack waves.

For the latter, it was essential to try to defeat Italians in a battle that, in their hopes, He would lead them to cross the Piave and the Grappa, thus being able to fall on the remaining part of the Po Valley and take possession of the important productive areas of the Kingdom of Italy. In this way, together with a German victory in France, the Central Powers could strike up a deal with the Americans, which came at a pace in Europe 250.000 men per month and therefore would soon tipped tip the balance strongly in favor of the Entente powers.
The wait for the final battle was preceded by important work carried out by both armies, their purpose is to transport at high altitude of many materials needed for war, (They were marked cableways, furnacesCar roads and trails and camionabili), water supply with aqueducts and pumping stations, (in this sense the most disadvantaged were the Austro-Hungarians, who held only half a liter of water a day for drinking) and extra protection from grenades, digging tens of thousands of galleries.

The 4th Italian Army, After a winter spent regroup and to build defenses and shelters needed to protect themselves from the rigid climate, the expected impact of the eleventh ^ Austro-Hungarian Army, which by then had replaced the fourteenth ^ also formed by the Germans, the latter returned to fight on the Western Front.
Towards the end of April, also the commander, generale di Robilant, after magnificently he led the troops in battle before, He left the field and was replaced by General Garden. But the real news was the construction of an underground work of amazing size, the so-called "Hazel del Grappa" or the "Galleria Vittorio Emanuele III".

Completed in May, in six months of intense work, He was intended to allow the infantry to reach the battle lines of the Perch and the Cross of Lebi, without exposing the bare ridges summit, constantly beaten by enemy fire.
Thanks to it, Italians, could create an awesome artillery barrage of placing inside cannons and howitzers that, protected by armored shields and the overlying layer of rock, They would mowed of the Austrian attack waves.

For the latter, it was essential to try to defeat Italians in a battle that, in their hopes, He would lead them to cross the Piave and the Grappa, thus being able to fall on the remaining part of the Po Valley and take possession of the important productive areas of the Kingdom of Italy. In this way, together with a German victory in France, the Central Powers could strike up a deal with the Americans, which came at a pace in Europe 250.000 men per month and therefore would soon tipped tip the balance strongly in favor of the Entente powers.
The wait for the final battle was preceded by important work carried out by both armies, their purpose is to transport at high altitude of many materials needed for war, (They were marked cableways, furnacesCar roads and trails and camionabili), water supply with aqueducts and pumping stations, (in this sense the most disadvantaged were the Austro-Hungarians, who held only half a liter of water a day for drinking) and extra protection from grenades, digging tens of thousands of galleries.

The battle began on 15 June 1918, dall'Astico the sea on a front 140 kilometres.

Given the track record of massive failures in the sector facing the Piave and the inability to break through the well fortified line of Cima Grappa, the imperialists concentrated their efforts in the western sector of the mountain, strong of a numerical superiority of 80.000 men against 65.000 Italians.
All 3:00 in the morning the Austrian artillery began pounding the entire face and 3e50 slowed by shooting.
All 7:40 He began the assault, favored by a thick fog, XXVI of the Imperial Body. The Asolone and confluent Val Damoro were attacked with a sudden maneuver and stormtroopers groups managed to infiltrate up to Cibara and to momentarily interrupt the flow of supplies on Cadorna Road.

Similarly through the Val Pottazzo some avant-garde came near the San Lorenzo bridge.
In the direction of Monte Coston it is able to contain the offensive thrust of austoungarici.
The Italian resistance arginò the wave, but the human tide also flooded the field of the Hills High, where, advanced after a legendary, Hungarian soldiers stopped at stake 1248 Col Raniero, in contact with the opposing maximum resistance lines.
Meanwhile, the IX ° Department Assault was launched against troops on the Col del Gallo waiting to receive reinforcements and ammunition.

The battle began on 15 June 1918, dall'Astico the sea on a front 140 kilometres.

Given the track record of massive failures in the sector facing the Piave and the inability to break through the well fortified line of Cima Grappa, the imperialists concentrated their efforts in the western sector of the mountain, strong of a numerical superiority of 80.000 men against 65.000 Italians.
At the morning 3e00 Austrian artillery began pounding the entire face and 3e50 slowed by shooting.
At 7e40 began the assault, favored by a thick fog, XXVI of the Imperial Body. The Asolone and confluent Val Damoro were attacked with a sudden maneuver and stormtroopers groups managed to infiltrate up to Cibara and to momentarily interrupt the flow of supplies on Cadorna Road.
Similarly through the Val Pottazzo some avant-garde came near the San Lorenzo bridge.
In the direction of Monte Coston it is able to contain the offensive thrust of austoungarici.
The Italian resistance arginò the wave, but the human tide also flooded the field of the Hills High, where, advanced after a legendary, Hungarian soldiers stopped at stake 1248 Col Raniero, in contact with the opposing maximum resistance lines.
Meanwhile, the IX ° Department Assault was launched against troops on the Col del Gallo waiting to receive reinforcements and ammunition.

He wrote of the brave American writer Ernest Hemingway, on the Grappa with the American Res Cross ambulances: « They are the best band in the world. Do you believe that they are all criminals. At first it was thought that they were. Now there are the best families in Italy. I doubt that there are other armies best shock troops».
Within hours lost ground was regained and there were many prisoners.
Even in the eastern weak local successes (Doors Salton and its) They did not give the impetus hoped for advancing Austrian and imperial command had become aware of the fact that the army of General Diaz was not what Caporetto.

The day 16 the first important feat of arms was the victory on the Col Moschin even by the bold and the reconquest of the trenches in the field With Flour and Monte Asolone.
Only in the field of Solaroli (quote 1601 PyramidenKuppe, 1672 e 1678) it was possible to count some progress on the part of the attackers.
The toll paid by both sides was very high: 13.997 men out of action for the Italians and 18.782 for the Austro-Hungarians.
For the latter it was not only to resist strongly desired in a battle and waiting with great hope, But at stake was the very survival of the monarchy, from battle, He was never able to bounce back.

(excerpt from the book "What remains" - editions Museum of the Great War - Baita Monte Asolone)

He wrote of the brave American writer Ernest Hemingway, on the Grappa with the American Res Cross ambulances: « They are the best band in the world. Do you believe that they are all criminals. At first it was thought that they were. Now there are the best families in Italy. I doubt that there are other armies best shock troops».
Within hours lost ground was regained and there were many prisoners.
Even in the eastern weak local successes (Doors Salton and its) They did not give the impetus hoped for advancing Austrian and imperial command had become aware of the fact that the army of General Diaz was not what Caporetto.
The day 16 the first important feat of arms was the victory on the Col Moschin even by the bold and the reconquest of the trenches in the field With Flour and Monte Asolone.
Only in the field of Solaroli (quote 1601 PyramidenKuppe, 1672 e 1678) it was possible to count some progress on the part of the attackers.
The toll paid by both sides was very high: 13.997 men out of action for the Italians and 18.782 for the Austro-Hungarians.
For the latter it was not only to resist strongly desired in a battle and waiting with great hope, But at stake was the very survival of the monarchy, from battle, He was never able to bounce back.

(excerpt from the book "What remains" - editions Museum of the Great War - Baita Monte Asolone)

The Battle of the Solstice

Davide Pegoraro (Padova-1975) It is a connoisseur of the history of World War II on the European front.

Conscientious objector, lives and works on the Monte Grappa 2004.

Until the 2015 alla Bait Monte Asolone, Val goddess Giara, then in Val Tosella, runs, with his wife Elena, the namesake refuge at an altitude 1376 and museum (of which he is curator) dedicated to the great-grandfathers who fought in 15-18.

local historian Maggiore, Driving guests and tourists on excursions, in Italy and abroad, the discovery of the trenches, workstations and vestiges of the past.

Decorated in the Austrian Black Cross and the Maltese Cross, He is a member of the historical and cultural associations "The Piave 15-18" and "southern front Plateau of Seven Towns".

He published in 2010 the documentary "Asolone 17-18" Natalino Meneghin, in 2012 the book "Montagnard, 10 stories for 10 battles ", in 2013 the fiction book "L 'Angelo del Grappa" as co-author, in 2014 "What remains, Guide to arrest the Grappa battle between autumn and winter 17-18 ", in 2015 the guide "The Great War sites, Bassano del Grappa, Asiago Plateau, Monte Grappa "with Paul Perini and the story" The Kiss Goodnight "and 2016 the story "The Garden of Lies".

He collaborates with public and private entities such as historical consultant, organizing conferences and exhibitions and conducts educational activities with schools and groups.

He launched the "War, Mountains and Men ", for cultural dissemination of issues related to the centenary 14-18.

the Historian

david-pegoraro

Phone:

+39 346 621 1036

the Historian

david-pegoraro

Phone:

+39 346 621 1036

Davide Pegoraro (Padova-1975) It is a connoisseur of the history of World War II on the European front.

Conscientious objector, lives and works on the Monte Grappa 2004.

Until the 2015 alla Bait Monte Asolone, Val goddess Giara, then in Val Tosella, runs, with his wife Elena, the namesake refuge at an altitude 1376 and museum (of which he is curator) dedicated to the great-grandfathers who fought in 15-18.

local historian Maggiore, Driving guests and tourists on excursions, in Italy and abroad, the discovery of the trenches, workstations and vestiges of the past.

Decorated in the Austrian Black Cross and the Maltese Cross, He is a member of the historical and cultural associations "The Piave 15-18" and "southern front Plateau of Seven Towns".

He published in 2010 the documentary "Asolone 17-18" Natalino Meneghin, in 2012 the book "Montagnard, 10 stories for 10 battles ", in 2013 the fiction book "L 'Angelo del Grappa" as co-author, in 2014 "What remains, Guide to arrest the Grappa battle between autumn and winter 17-18 ", in 2015 the guide "The Great War sites, Bassano del Grappa, Asiago Plateau, Monte Grappa "with Paul Perini and the story" The Kiss Goodnight "and 2016 the story "The Garden of Lies".

He collaborates with public and private entities such as historical consultant, organizing conferences and exhibitions and conducts educational activities with schools and groups.

He launched the "War, Mountains and Men ", for cultural dissemination of issues related to the centenary 14-18.